MDG GOAL # 6: COMBAT HIV/AIDS, MALARIA, AND OTHER DISEASES

Where do we stand? The number of new HIV infections has been falling steadily and deaths from AIDS related illnesses also has dropped. Although the epidemic appears to have stabilized in most regions, new HIV infections are on the rise in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Globally the benefits of antiretroviral therapy is making a difference in the survival rate of those affected by HIV/AIDS. The fact that half the world’s population is at risk for malaria and that tuberculosis kills 330,000 persons annually in India alone signals that there is work to do and that more external funding is needed.

What has worked? Providing education about HIV/AIDS is helping to slow the rate of infection, particularly among young persons. Access to antiretroviral therapy for HIV infected pregnant women is helping to prevent the spread of AIDS to their newborns. Using bed nets to prevent malaria and providing basic treatment for tuberculosis are saving millions of lives.

What is the UN doing? UNESCO leads the Global Initiative on Education and HIV/AIDS; a number of UN Agencies led by UNICEF and the World Health Organization have distributed 10s of millions of insecticide-treated bed nets, especially to children. UNICEF, WHO, the UN Population Fund, and UNAIDS have continued to scale up programs for the prevention of mother-child transmission of HIIV through medicine, training, and guidance.

Look for educational materials on MDGs at www.un.org/Pubs/CyberSchoolBus/ and for updates on MDG progress at www.un.org/millenniumgoals

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