The UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has published their second report on international human trafficking. It contains new data on global trafficking patterns, levels of data collection, root causes, traffickers, types of exploitation, survivor care, law enforcement, access to justice, and conviction rate for those who do the trafficking.
163 out of 193 countries contributed information, among them Brazil, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Kenya, Korea, Moçambique, Nicaragua, Peru, Philippines, and the United States. A growing concern is the number of children who are being trafficked for sex, labor, and organs. For a webcast of the meeting and presentations go to: http://webtv.un.org/watch/presentation-of-the-global-report-on-trafficking-in-persons/2160793053001/
Some key messages are the following:
- Women account for 55-60 per cent of all trafficking victims detected globally; women and girls together account for about 75 per cent.
- Twenty-seven per cent of all victims detected globally are children. Of every three child victims, two are girls and one is a boy.
- Trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation accounts for 58 per cent of all trafficking cases detected globally, while trafficking for forced labor accounts for 36 per cent. The share of detected cases of trafficking for forced labor has doubled over the past four years.
- Victims of 136 different nationalities were detected in 118 countries worldwide between 2007 and 2010.
To download a copy of the report and view country reports: http://www.state.gov/j/tip/rls/tiprpt/2012/