On Friday, April 24, the UN Security Council held a meeting on the situation in the Middle East, particularly the refugee crisis in Syria. Nearly four million Syrians are refugees in neighboring countries; moreover, the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance in Syria increased to 12.2 million today. In 2014 Syria received 40 percent of all OCHA (UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs) humanitarian aid. This fact demonstrates that the crisis has become the world’s largest humanitarian emergency.
So the question remains – why does the UN fail to prevent and end the conflict in Syria? I would like to emphasize that it is unconditionally not only a concern of the Syrian government but all parties involved in conflict. Moreover, it is an entire international community responsibility to bring to an end the suffering of civilians. The Executive Director of the World Food Program, Ertharin Cousin, urged during the meeting for regional stability and security. Funding shortfalls fuel extreme poverty, making refugees vulnerable to traffickers and extremists, and limiting plans such as UNICEF initiatives in reaching pregnant women and providing children with feeding programmes.
UN Special Envoy for Refugees, Angelina Jolie-Pitt, states that the UN is failing to bring countries together. “If we cannot end the conflict, we have an inescapable moral duty to help refugees and provide legal avenues to safety.” It did not take long to verify this statement, since about an hour later the representatives of Turkey and Syria were having polemics on the responsibilities in fueling the crisis. It is the obligation of all states to stop the deterioration of the Syrian crisis, find diplomatic solutions, and fully collaborate in order to assist innocent people who have no part in an ongoing conflict. It is a UN responsibility to find a political solution.