The 2015 Trafficking In Persons Report defines human trafficking as the “act of recruiting, harboring, transporting, providing, or obtaining a person for compelled labor or commercial sex acts through the use of force, fraud, or coercion.” In many areas of the world, sex trafficking is the most common form of trafficking in persons, followed by labor trafficking and organ trafficking.
As technology continues to advance, trafficking offenders are finding new, creative ways to expand their businesses. They are now using the Internet to recruit victims and reach larger audiences, and this strategy will only continue to spread as technology improves globally.
Emily Kennedy, a young woman with a passion for combating human trafficking, realized that law enforcement agencies aren’t taking advantage of this trend. While studying at Carnegie Mellon University, Kennedy developed a software program called Traffic Stop. This program scans and analyzes publicly available online data to reveal hidden patterns. By grouping similar posts together using artificial intelligence tools, the program can provide important clues such as the location of offenders and victims, or the relationships between the many people involved. So far, her innovative software has helped rescue over 120 victims of sex trafficking in the US.
While this software has been adopted only by law enforcement agencies within the US, it has the potential to spread much farther. The United Nations has already made significant progress with preventing trafficking in persons, protecting victims of human trafficking, and prosecuting trafficking offenders (through the Palermo Protocol). But there is always more to be done. The UN should take advantage of these advances in technology and learn from the work Emily Kennedy has done at the intersection of human trafficking and digital technology. I hope the UN will do research into this trend, and possibly even bring Ms. Kennedy in to speak and share her knowledge with an international audience.
For More Information:
2015 Trafficking in Persons Report – www.state.gov/documents/organization/245365.pdf