Leaders of the 193 Members States of the United Nations gathered in New York for the 71st General Assembly (GA) of the organization from September 19-21. Their deliberations focused mainly on the following: Refugees and Migrants, the Sustainable Development Goals, and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. The High Level Summit on Refugees and Migrants, held on September 19, was the first of its kind. The General Assembly called on the Heads of State and Government to arbitrate on the large movement of Refugees and Migrants. The aim of the assembly was to establish a blueprint for an improved international response to refugee and migrants’ issues, and to strengthen the governance of international migration. You may download the outcome document from the Summit, known as the “New York Declaration on Refugees and Migrants.” United States President Barack Obama also hosted the Leaders’ Summit on Refugees on September 20. The objective of this summit was to appeal to governments to pledge significant new commitments regarding refugees.
September 20, was dedicated to the Sustainable Development Goals, which the MemberStates adopted about this time last year. Lastly, deliberations on the Paris Agreement on Climate Change took place on September 21. The UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon invited Member States to ratify, accept, or commit publicly to ratifying the agreement. Sixty countries have so far ratified the agreement. These 60 countries account for 47.76% of global gas emissions. The Paris Agreement will enter into force on the 30th day after the date on which at least 55 Parties to the Convention (accounting for estimated 55% of the total global emissions) have ratified the instrument. Key objectives of this agreement include limiting the global temperature rise to below 2 degrees Celsius and allocating US $100 billion yearly in climate finance for developing countries by 2020.