By Anna Shket, Intern in SNDatUN Office
The government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan along with its President Ashraf Ghani made its commitment to ensure a transparent, peaceful, and cooperative way towards the improvement of its people’s lives. The year 2015 marks the beginning of the Transformation Decade for the country, set to last till 2024. Afghanistan still faces tremendous challenges, such as diverse extremist groups like ISIS, insurgent groups in the form of Taliban, foreign fighters, illicit economy in the form of narcotics production (13% of GDP), etc. However, the government has been demonstrating its readiness towards a better future which can provide its people with peace, stability and prosperity.
The UN Security Council Meeting on June 22, 2015 on the situation in Afghanistan, meant to demonstrate the commitments of the government, revealed progress and tackled problems. Special Representative of the Security-General and Head of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) Nicholas Hayson noted the progress along with the remaining problems in three areas – economic, security, and political. The progress, as he mentioned, is modest, undervalued due to the enormous difficulties in the country and the region itself. Massive civilian casualties remain present in the country – 4216 civilians killed or injured only this year, and this number includes a considerable amount of children and women. In order to prevent future deaths, continued regional and international cooperation is essential. Together with UN and UNAMA, the international community should not leave the burden of terrorism on the Afghanistan government’s shoulders. Correspondingly, the country requires favorable external environment for promoting the reconciliation process. It is important to realize that the escalating conflict in the country will bring instability to region as a whole, which will have a deteriorating effect on other countries’ security and, consequently, economic stability.
Afghani people are in a long-term process of combating the hardships brought by war. They are finally on the way towards peaceful times. Years of devastating conflict ruined the country’s economy and hopes for the prospects of political stability. Today, ensuring the security in the country means future international investments, new deals and agreements, and overall development of the country. Ongoing clashes between the democratically elected government lead by Ghani and the Taliban along with other political groupings are the barriers towards the future prosperity and peace.
The international community was asked to continue to support the government of Afghanistan during the Transition Decade, which should be a critical point in reconciliation between all Afghani people. In return, the government reaffirmed its commitment to the principals of transparency, accountability, growing participation of women and civil society, protection and promotion of human rights, and strong cooperation on all levels towards a better future.
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