POVERTY AND INEQUALITY: DRIVER OF VIOLENT CRIME IN ANY SOCIETY

02By Juliana Marques Boyd: There has been a significant increase in violent crimes in many cities around the world in recent years. According to the  United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime 2013 Global Study on Homicide, over 437,000 people were intentionally killed in 2012. The fundamental question remains: what causes our society to be so violent? Though many attribute violent crimes to factors such as mental illness, alcohol and drug abuse, it can be inferred that inequality and poverty are the greatest drivers of violence. A recent World Bank study indicates that the inequitable distribution of income contributes to a feeling of unfairness among disadvantaged individuals which leads them to seek compensation through criminal activities. The study also states that crime is determined by a ‘cost-benefit analysis.’ For instance, when the poorest people have fewer or sometimes no economic opportunities and there is a profound income gap between the rich and the poor, they tend to seek financial compensation through crimes such as robbery and kidnapping for ransom. The study suggests that rapid poverty alleviation programmes would lead to a decrease in crime rates in various countries .

Inequality occurs when wealth is concentrated in the hands of very few individuals. Poverty caused by inequality is a major threat to public security and its presence undermines the achievement of sustainable peace and development. In his departing speech to the UN General Assembly in 2016, President Barack Obama warned that, “a world where 1% of humanity controls as much wealth as the bottom 99% will never be stable.” This fact was highlighted in a report presented by OXFAM to the world economic and political leaders at the 2017 World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland. The 4report revealed that only eight men own wealth equal to the combined wealth of 3.8 billion people who make up the poorest half of humanity. This report warns that left unchecked, growing inequality threatens world peace and security, and undermines the fight to end poverty. Large corporations and the super-rich are also reasons for widening income inequality, according to the report. It argues that by having low-cost labor, paying little taxes, optimizing revenues to their shareholders, and influencing and ensuring that regulations work in their favor—corporations accumulate large sums of fortune at the cost of the well-being of the general population. The report ultimately suggests that in order to reverse this trend, it is necessary to design a “human economy,” which emphasizes better societies and benefits to the larger portion of the population.

To break the cycle of inequality and poverty so that the next generation can live in a peaceful and sustainable world, it is vital for both the local and national governments, as well as the international community to ensure access to social services and economic opportunities, especially to minority communities who often are the most marginalized. The UN 2030 Agenda provides the framework for governments to achieve a just and equitable society by 2030. And this is possible in our lifetime!

Read more: Inequality and violent crime; http://bit.ly/2FpfhYN

An economy of 99%; http://bit.ly/2EYEdTH

“It’s been proven, less inequality means less crime;” http://bit.ly/1y6Bsc0

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SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS TO INCLUDE AND BROADEN MDGS

SDGSSince Rio + 20 which was held in Brazil in 2012, NGOs, UN agencies, and UN country delegations have been working to make the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) more realistic and more universal. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) placed a lot of expectations on the developing countries with few demands on developed countries. The SDGs will require all countries to respond to things like inequality and care of the earth. Added to the 17 goals that you see here are specific targets and measurable indicators.

To see targets and indicators for each goal, go to: http://tinyurl.com/o9ulbye

Sustainable Development Goals – Target date is 2030                                   

 1 End poverty in all its forms everywhere
2 End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
3 Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
4 Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
5 Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
6 Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
7 Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
8 Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
 9 Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
10 Reduce inequality within and among countries
11 Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
12 Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
13 Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts*
14 Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
15 Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
 16 Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
 17 Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development

MARCH 22 WORLD WATER DAY: WATER IS EQUALITY

image001 carrying water

Photo: wunrn.com

“In developing nations the responsibility for collecting water every day falls disproportionately on women and girls. On average they spend 25 percent of their day collecting water for their families. This is time not spent working at an income-generating job, caring for family, or attending school.”  www.unwater.org/   (Choose your language)

     Work for the human right to clean water and sanitation for all.

A LITTLE GOOD NEWS: THE WORLD IS GETTING BETTER, SLOWLY BUT SURELY

Anne Kertz KernionAnne Kertz Kernion (www.cardsbyanne.com) is not present at the United Nations but her words of wisdom certainly apply to NGOs and all who are working for global change:

“Lately, I’ve been avoiding the news because I’m feeling beat up. Bad news streams to us every hour of every day, bombarding us relentlessly, and it all frays my spirit. So it’s a welcome relief to hear some good news for a change, and the latest statistics tell us this: the world is actually getting better in many measurable ways. The per capita rates of violence, poverty and disease are going down, while educational opportunities and childhood survival rates are going up. This data gives us reason to be hopeful. For example, violent crime has fallen 50% since 1992, more people are living in democratic countries than ever before, the average lifespan has increased worldwide, and more children go to school regularly. But good news doesn’t usually qualify as ‘news,’ so we don’t hear about all of these positive trends. Simply put, the drumbeat of bad news does not reflect the reality of the numbers. And numbers count. We ARE making the world a better place, slowly but surely.

I’m not suggesting that we should all retire and begin eating bonbons beneath the shade of a palm tree. ‘Better’ does not mean perfect. There is still a lot of work to be done for those suffering from disease, hunger, climate change, violence, etc. But let’s not lose sight of the progress we’ve made. Let’s continue to ‘keep on keeping on,’ using our human ingenuity to bring about even more improvement to our world. … And remember what the numbers tell us. The world is getting better in many ways.”

View UN Millennium Development Goals Progress Chart 2014:  http://bit.ly/1vxjJK3

Listen to Anne Murray’s A Little Good News:    

NGOS AND THE POST-2015 AGENDA

Amarachi Grace Ezeonu 1By Amarachi Ezeonu, SNDdeN

Efforts of NGOs to influence policy formulation have been very evident in the current discussion on the “post-2015 Agenda” on sustainable development at the United Nations. As the deadline for the well celebrated Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) draws very close, it is clear that some countries have not and may not be able achieve many of these goals before 2015. For this reason, the UN member states are currently engaged in discussions on what shall happen after 2015 in terms of these unattained goals. This discussion is being tagged the “post-2015 agenda.” The overarching theme for the “post-2015 agenda” is sustainable development.

I was so fortunate during my time at the UN to attend the fifth and sixth sessions of the Open Working Group where member states and civil society organizations engaged in discussion on the “post-2015 Agenda” during the months of November and December. What was very evident to me was how hard NGO representatives worked during these discussions to submit their statements. They also organized different events during the sessions to push for pertinent issues to be included in the “post-2015 agenda.” Some of these significant issues included climate change, migration, human rights, poverty eradication, and empowerment of women. The NGOs present at these Open Working Group sessions networked to make their voices heard on these issues.

SND PHOTOVOLTAIC PROJECT: ‘POWER OF THE SUN’ SHINES AT THE UNITED NATIONS

Highlight from previous issue (2012):

At a special event during the recent UN Commission on Social Development, Sister Kristin Hokanson spoke about the global impact of our ground-breaking Photovoltaic Project in Congo and Nigeria.  Principal and founder of Notre Dame Virtual School (NDVS), Kristin highlighted NDVS’ special educational projects which link Notre Dame Schools in support of the Photovoltaic Project. Through technology, NDVS students around the world are analyzing electrical graphs coming out of project sites in Congo and Nigeria, studying about Solar Power and water purification systems, and using E-languages to connect with each other. Truly the Power of the Sun is shining everywhere!

Kristin Hokanson, SNDdeN

“The experience made me realize how an idea to build solar-powered energy can unite a community to achieve life-sustaining goals. At the United Nations I observed NGOs striving to create a world in which all live with dignity and respect. A key to the eradication of poverty is using our technology network where we can communicate in ways never thought possible. It is through all types of technology that we are creating a better world, and what better place to share this experience than the United Nations.”

www.elanguages.org/171170

Update:  In 2013, the 10th anniversary of the Power of the Sun Project, the Sisters of Notre Dame embarked on a campaign to raise another $1 million to establish additional full sites in Congo and provide supplementary equipment and materials to multiple sites in Nigeria.

www.sndden.org/en/news-and-events/photovoltaic-project/

 

NGO ADVOCACY AT THE UNITED NATIONS

Amarachi Grace Ezeonu 1By Amarachi Ezeonu, SNDdeN

A few of the activities of Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) at the United Nations include the following roles: policy advocacy, information dissemination, awareness raising, development education, joint operational projects, providing technical expertise, and collaborating with UN agencies, programs and funds. NGOs fulfill these roles individually or by networking with other like-minded groups to form committees and sub-committees on different issues such as Anti-Trafficking of Persons, Working Group on Girls, Financing for Development, Education, Social Development, Poverty Eradication, and various others. NGOs enrich the capability of the UN through providing their field experience and insights to various networks and during UN sessions and associations.

Statements (oral or written) by NGOs at UN sessions are often considered credible and valued because of their expertise and contact with people at the grassroots. According to ECOSOC Resolution 1996/31:

“Written statements relevant to the work of the Council may be submitted by organizations in general consultative status and special status on subjects in which these organizations have a special competence. Such statements shall be circulated by the Secretary General of the United Nations to the members of the council …”

meetingThough most NGOs work with people at the grassroots, however, their presence at the UN is invaluable because this affords them the leverage to also influence policy formulation at global, regional and national levels on some of the issues which directly or indirectly impact on the lives of people these organizations work with. NGOs may not be able to directly challenge member states of the UN who have not lived up to their commitments to the conventions and treaties they have signed and ratified, but these countries are often very aware that the NGOs are watching. Therefore, this monitoring compels them to strive to honor their commitments.

For more information, go to:

www.ngosocdev.net/
www.ngocsw.org/
www.girlsrights.org/